An introduction to conveyor systems


When you need to transport materials with minimum effort, you need a conveyor system. The type of system you decide on will depend on the product type, expected throughput and elevation change, and may be industry specific.

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Conveyancing can be hand or motor powered and represents an effective and efficient way of transporting everything from cosmetics to vegetables.

How do conveying systems work

A typical conveying system uses a belt and a system of pulleys to move heavy items or high volumes from A to B. This saves time and money and prevents injury to manual workers.

Most conventional belt systems are straight, although cone shaped rotors are available to enable a belt to navigate a bend. For lightweight powder products a vacuum conveyor is used.

Choosing the right type of conveyor

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There are a number of critical factors you need to consider when choosing a conveyor:

– Basic product information including weight, size, shape and the productive role that the conveyor will play in moving the product
– Location of the conveyor according to space constraints and whether it will operate on the floor or overhead
– Logistics of loading and unloading
– Speed and throughput required

These factors will help you decide the right system for your product.

Main types of conveying systems

There are a wide range of conveyancing systems available that can be generalised or industry specific. The most common types use a belt, slats, rollers or buckets to move product around the system. Other types of conveyancing systems include:

– Ball transfer
– Magnetic
– Chute
– Overhead
– Screw/auger
– Walking Beam

A pneumatic or vacuum conveyancing system such as this one uses the power of a vacuum to convey powders around the system effectively and at high velocity.

The benefits of a conveying system

The principal benefit of a conveying system is to allow heavy and bulky items to be moved around with the minimum of effort.

Not only do they save time, conveying systems can be adapted to your layout and available space and can be used to transport products over multiple levels or between floors. Systems can also be designed that deliver automatic unloading to eliminate the need for extra staff.

Low maintenance and with low operational costs, a conveyancing system is an efficient addition to your factory

Written by suNCh8

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